Regulators are ordering farmers with California's oldest water rights to stop pumping from the San Joaquin River watershed for the first time in memory. State water board engineer Kathy Mrowka told a public drought hearing that the curtailment orders will be sent to so-called senior rights holders on Friday.
Associated Press, May 20, 2015Millions in federal dollars aim to improve long-term water conservation
California is getting about $33 million in federal money for water recycling, irrigation improvements and other conservation projects in a new round of funding for water and energy efficiency projects in Western states.
Los Angeles Times, May 20, 2015Delta farmers offer to take 25 percent less water
Dozens of California farmers whose century-old claims to rivers and streams have assured them a nearly endless water supply, at least up until now, are offering to give up a quarter of their water in exchange for a guarantee that the drought-plagued state won't come clamoring for a whole lot more.
San Francisco Chronicle, May 20, 2015The Bipartisan Opposition to the Tunnels
The Environmental Impact Report (EIR/EIS) for the project indicates that Governor Brown's tunnels will be dry 52 percent of the time under current climate conditions. This same document makes it clear that fisheries will do worse with the operation of the tunnels than they will with the existing antiquated pumps in Tracy. In addition, the water that will be made available in wet periods will not increase water supplies for property taxpayers within the Metropolitan Water or Santa Clara Valley Water districts, even though they will carry a large portion of the financial burden of the $60 billion project (including interest and operations).
East Bay Express, May 20, 2015As California withers, federal water bill mired in secrecy
"We certainly hear about it, involving a sub-group of stakeholders working on drafts that we haven't been allowed to see," Rep. Jared Huffman, D-Calif., said in an interview. "Far from a transparent regular order, it feels like we're right back to secrecy and exclusion, and that's very disappointing." Complaints about secrecy and exclusion helped undermine legislation last year. Huffman and six other Northern California Democrats subsequently met with Feinstein in January.
Merced Sun Star, May 17, 2015California water officials deliver sobering facts on depleted wells
As water-starved Californians pump more from wells, groundwater levels decrease. Preliminary data from this spring show that over the course of the last year, the levels of more than 40% of the approximately 4,500 measured wells have declined more than 2 feet -- not unusual for the fourth year of a drought, water officials said. More concerning, the data show decreases of more than 10 feet in more than 15% of measured wells and some severe decreases of more than 25 feet in some central California wells. And state officials say several groundwater basins in the Central Coast and Southern California also show "significant to severe" levels of decline.
Los Angeles Times, May 17, 2015Local solutions or Gov. Brown's tunnels? Guest commentary
MWD water agencies should spend no more ratepayer money for Jerry Brown's tunnels. Keep ratepayer money in Southern California for projects that secure the water future and create local jobs. The choices MWD makes in the near future will affect all Californians' long-term future.
Los Angeles Daily News, May 15, 2015Why California Farmers Are Conflicted About Using Less Water
As part of the implementation of California's 2014 Sustainable Groundwater Management Act, new agencies are being formed across California to set baselines. Norm Groot, director of the Monterey County Farm Bureau, says many farmers fear if they take less groundwater now, the baselines set for them will be smaller.
KQED, May 13, 2015Drought May Mean The End For Some Native Fish
The Delta smelt, the small fish that is often at the center of California's water wars, is likely headed toward extinction.
Capitol Public Radio, May 12, 2015Oil waste doesn't belong in California's water supply
The suit and its claims deserve attention and thought. California's oilfield regulators stumbled badly in permitting the practice. If these overseers aren't up to protecting the state, then the courts must step in to safeguard the state's shrinking water supply.
San Francisco Chronicle, May 11, 2015In California, water cuts disappoint cities that spent heavily to prepare for drought
Some California cities are finding their past preparations for drought count for nothing under sweeping new statewide cuts to water consumption.
Fox News, May 9, 2015California drought: New water rules may not work
California is adopting unprecedented, statewide water conservation rules for its nearly 40 million residents. But some experts say the regulations will be tough to enforce and don't address the state's primary problem -- that California's water rights and rules systems are broken and obsolete.
CNBC, May 8, 2015Measure California's Water
Droughts in California may become more frequent, and their effects more severe, as the state feels the effects of climate change. The state can't respond to them if it doesn't know who is using how much.
New York Times, May 8, 2015California: Regulators Approve Mandatory Water Restrictions
The State Water Resources Control Board voted 5 to 0 on Tuesday to adopt sweeping restrictions on how people, governments and businesses can use water amid the state's four-year drought. Under the new rules, each city is ordered to cut water use by as much as 36 percent compared with 2013, but it is unclear what punishment the state board and local agencies can or will impose for those who do not meet the targets.
New York Times, May 6, 2015Brown says critics of delta tunnels should 'shut up'
During a candid and sarcastic speech to water agency officials Wednesday, Gov. Jerry Brown said critics of the controversial delta tunnels project should "shut up" unless they've logged 1 million hours like the state has to study the plan...While his remarks earned applause from the water agencies association, they drew quick ire from tunnel critics who say they too have logged a million hours to show the project would be harmful.
San Francisco Chronicle, May 6, 2015California approves new uniform rules for seawater desalination
California water regulators on Wednesday adopted a new uniform permitting process for seawater desalination projects expected to expand in number as the drought-stricken state increasingly turns to the ocean to supplement its drinking supplies. Action on the desalination rule, which puts key decisions for such plants in the hands of statewide regulators rather than regional boards, came a day after the same state body enacted sweeping cutbacks in water use by California's cities and towns.
Reuters, May 6, 20115Oakland Tribune editorial: Gov. Brown's latest Delta plan just a massive water grab
Gov. Jerry Brown has abandoned any pretense that his massive Delta twin-tunnel project could benefit the environment, leaving it simply as one of the biggest water grabs in state history. Having failed to convince federal agencies that his plan would improve the Delta's health, Brown dropped the $8 billion, 50-year environmental component of the tunnel project. Salvaging the ecology of the largest estuary west of the Mississippi is officially off the table.
Contra Costa Times, May 4, 2015House passes water bill, but drought solutions still under debate
The bill, approved by a largely party line 240-177 margin, does not, however, reflect significant consensus on some key California water disputes, nor does it come close to the comprehensive drought bill that has so far eluded lawmakers.
Sacramento Bee, May 2, 2015California farms ordered to stop pumping water from rivers as drought continues
State officials say drought has forced them to order thousands of farms to stop pumping water from two Northern California river systems. Tim Moran of the State Water Board said Friday that the order applies to more than 2,700 water rights holders -- mostly farms -- along the Sacramento River and the Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta. Under California's a century old system, the junior water rights holders have to stop pumping, so those with more senior rights can irrigate.
Los Angeles Daily News, May 1, 2015
Environmental groups immediately blasted the plan, arguing that without extensive work to restore fish and wildlife in the Delta, the proposal is little more than a water grab by Southern California and Central Valley agribusiness. And it drew tepid responses from the big water providers that must pay for the tunnels.
San Jose Mercury News, April 30, 2015California Cuts Environment Spending in $15 Billion Water Plan
California Governor Jerry Brown said he will scale back plans for restoration in an ecologically sensitive delta to build two $15 billion water tunnels meant to guard against events like the record drought gripping the area.
Bloomberg Business April 29, 2015Gov. Jerry Brown seeks fines of up to $10,000 a day for water wasters
Gov. Jerry Brown wants to fine big water wasters up to $10,000 per day, one of two new efforts he announced Tuesday to battle California's drought. The higher penalties would be a sharp increase from the current $500 maximum that local water districts can now impose on residents and businesses.
Los Angeles Times, April 28, 2015See proposed water use cuts for every community in California
All urban communities will need to cut their water usage this year due to the drought. The cuts proposed by the State Water Resources Control Board earlier this month range from 8 percent to 36 percent, depending on how much water each community's residents used during summer 2013. Look below to see how much each community will need to cut.
Sacraemtno Bee, April 28, 2015Another View: Why knock almonds? Alfalfa consumes twice the water
Unlike almonds, alfalfa is a low-value crop primarily used as feed for livestock. About 70 percent of alfalfa grown in California is used in dairies, and much of the rest is exported to Asia for animal feed -- to the tune of 100 billion gallons per year.
Sacramento Bee, April 25, 2015California water use numbers should flow freely
If we're all in this together, we need to know who is using how much water -- no matter whether it's corporate farms siphoning rivers or underground aquifers, apartment complexes irrigating landscapes or industrial and power plants piping in water. Secrecy and misinformation breed suspicion, and that only makes it more difficult to come up with smart and fair solutions.
Sacramento Bee, April 25, 2015California drought tests strength of Gold Rush-era water rights
Earlier this year, the State Water Resources Control Board ordered more than 1,000 property owners to prove their water rights. This month, the board warned claim-holders to expect curtailments of their ability to divert water from rivers and streams.
Sacramento Bee, April 25, 2015Desalination plants aren't a good solution for California drought
Enthusiasm for desalination tends to overlook its high costs, which stem in part from its enormous energy demand and weighty environmental footprint.
Los Angeles Times, April 24, 2015California orders no water diversions despite legal rights
About 1,500 farms and individuals in the Central Valley were ordered Thursday to stop taking water from rivers and streams for irrigation, the latest move by state regulators to save water amid intensifying drought conditions. It was the start of the latest round of water restrictions as rivers and streams across California run too dry to provide enough water to grow crops and to provide safe passage for fish.
Washington Times, April 23, 2015Editorial What's next on California's water rates?
It will take some time to fully grasp the consequences of Monday's court decision rejecting San Juan Capistrano's tiered rate structure for water. Gov. Jerry Brown said the ruling would make it harder for local governments to encourage conservation, and it does indeed undermine what has proved to be the most effective means of curbing excessive water use. With tiered rates, all users pay a relatively small amount per unit for their basic needs, but as their usage increases they pay not just for more gallons but more per gallon, giving them an increased incentive to make do with less.
Los Angeles Times, April 22, 2015The end of the delta tunnels plan? We should hope so
The governor has it half-right with his decision to invest in environmental restoration. Now he just needs to deep-six those tunnels.
San Francisco Chronicle, April 21, 2015Is Jerry Brown Breaking His Prop. 1 Promise?
Richard Stapler, the spokesman for the Bay Delta Conservation Plan, admitted to Peter Fimrite of the San Francisco Chronicle that they could use money from Proposition 1 to pay for "habitat mitigation" for construction and operation of the tunnels.
Daily Kos, April 21, 2015Our View: Now we see real goal of Delta plan
Gov. Brown now appears more intent on sending water south than on saving salmon and smelt. This comes after federal agencies signaled they probably won't issue the 50-year environmental permits that were a key element of the original plan. Continuing without the environmental goals exposes the plan for what we always believed it was: a water grab.
Modesto Bee, April 21, 2015Southern California Court Strikes Down Town's 'Conservation' Water Rates
In a decision that could raise obstacles to water conservation efforts across the state, a Southern California appeals court has rejected the city of San Juan Capistrano's adoption of tiered rates to encourage customers to use less water. Ruling on a case initiated by taxpayers, a three-judge 4th District Court of Appeal found that the city's water-rate scheme violated provisions of Proposition 218, a constitutional amendment passed in 1996 to limit service fees imposed by local agencies.
KQED, April 21, 2015What you need to know about the state's proposed water restrictions
Under the newest regulations, the board proposed grouping water districts into nine tiers. A very small number of agencies could individually apply to be in the first tier, which requires only a 4% cut in water use. But most of the state's water agencies will be required to cut usage between 8% and 36%. (Find your water agency here.)
Los Angeles Times, April 19, 2015Don't harm fish to help Big Ag
Loosening critical environmental protections for these waterways in order to redirect those resources elsewhere will only further harm fish populations and the communities and jobs that depend on them.
USA Today, April 19, 2015Brown shouldn't leave eco goals out of new Delta plan
As Gov. Jerry Brown tries to salvage the $25 billion project to build twin tunnels through the Delta, he should keep in mind that it won't be acceptable to give up its environmental goals.
Sacramento Bee, April 18, 2015Jerry Brown needs new water strategy -- no tunnels
The state has to reset its water priorities to match both current and worst-case long-term needs. But Brown can't make that happen as long as he clings to his $25 billion, twin-tunnel proposal to carry Delta water south.
San Jose Mercury News, April 17, 2015State water board issues revised drought regulations for Californians
Anticipating a seasonal spike in summertime water usage, California's Water Resources Control Board released a modified set of proposed conservation restrictions Saturday that would take effect in June. State water board officials emphasized that making major water use cuts during the coming summer months would be critical to meeting Gov. Jerry Brown's mandate of a 25% reduction in urban water use statewide. Cutting back on outdoor irrigation during the summer remains a top priority, board Chairwoman Felicia Marcus said.
Los Angeles Times, April 16, 2015To shield tech executives, California's biggest water users are secret
In the midst of a historic drought, Californians have no way of knowing who's guzzling the most water. That's not an accident. It's by design, thanks to an obscure 1997 measure that weakened one of the state's chief open government laws, the California Public Records Act. For the source of this legislation, look no further than Silicon Valley, where the city of Palo Alto decided it needed to do more to protect the privacy of the tech elite.
The Center for Investigative Reporting, April 16, 2015Drought rescue: State to build rock dam across Delta slough
As the drought weakens fresh water flows from rivers, seawater from San Francisco Bay pushes upstream into the central Sacramento San Joaquin River Delta -- the heart of California's complex water system. The result: a risk of drinking water that tastes salty and irrigation water that can stress plants and hamper agricultural productivity.
San Jose Mecury News, April 16, 2015Jerry Brown faces fight over mandatory water cuts
Representatives of urban water suppliers and advocacy groups from across the state have criticized a plan from state water regulators that would force some to cut water consumption by as much as 35% over the next year. In more than 200 letters to the State Water Resources Control Board released Wednesday, some agencies urged state officials to reconsider how they would implement the mandatory statewide water-use cut that Gov. Jerry Brown ordered this month.
Los Angeles Times, April 16, 2015The Drought Isn't California's Only Water Problem
In an effort to push forward, last week Governor Jerry Brown announced that he was scuttling key environmental provisions that would have guaranteed that the tunnels and works associated with them would improve the Delta for 50 years into the future. "We can't accurately model what things are going to look like in 50 years," says Richard Stapler, a spokesman for the California Natural Resources Agency.
Wired, April 16, 2015Here's the Real Problem With Almonds
Almonds: crunchy, delicious, and the center of a nefarious plot to suck California dry? They certainly have used up a lot of ink lately--partly inspired by our reporting over the past year. California's drought-stricken Central Valley churns out 80 percent of the globe's almonds, and since each nut takes a gallon of water to produce, they account for close to 10 percent of the state's annual agricultural water use--or more than what the entire population of Los Angeles and San Francisco use in a year.
Mother Jones, April 15, 2015California almond growers to expand orchards, despite drought
Almond orchards have become ground zero in the debate over California's epic drought, the focal point of criticism that agriculture uses too much water. The response? More almond trees.
Sacramento Bee, April 15, 2015Redistribute California's Water? Not Without A Fight
The state of California is asking a basic question right now that people often fight over: What's a fair way to divide up something that's scarce and valuable? That "something," in this case, is water.
NPR, April 15, 2015Drought unlikely to cause major damage to California economy, analysts say
California's drought has threatened farmers, ski resorts and golf courses, but it's unlikely to do much damage to the state's overall economy or budget, according to a new report from legislative analysts.
Los Angeles Times, April 15, 2015Making Sense of Water
Almost every number used to analyze California's drought can be debated, but this can be safely said: No level of restrictions on residential use can solve the problem. The solution lies with agriculture, which consumes more than its fair share.
New York Times, April 14, 2015Boxer slams McCarthy's 'small measure' drought fix
Democratic Sen. Barbara Boxer lashed out Tuesday at a fellow Californian, House Majority Leader Kevin McCarthy, calling his legislative efforts to address the state's drought crisis "destructive" and divisive.
The Hill, April 14, 2015Delta group blasts Brown for "water grab"
"Governor Brown seems to believe he can push forward a project that will not meet the standards set into law in 2009. Moving to circumvent federal and state water quality laws, water rights laws, Delta water planning laws, and Endangered Species Act protections to push forward with the Delta tunnels will raise the ire of millions of Californians, and would be a waste of public resources during this time of drought," says Barbara Barrigan-Parrilla, executive director of Restore the Delta.
Central Valley Business Times, April 13 2015In California, a Wet Era May Be Ending
Scientists say that in the more ancient past, California and the Southwest occasionally had even worse droughts -- so-called megadroughts -- that lasted decades. At least in parts of California, in two cases in the last 1,200 years, these dry spells lingered for up to two centuries.
New York Times, April 13, 2015In California, rights to water exceed the supply
It's arguable whether California has enough water to meet its actual needs. But it clearly does not have enough to match people's expectations. And one reason is simple. Government historically has over-promised -- not exactly a new concept. In the last century, the state has handed out rights to five times more surface water than our rivers produce even in a normal year. On some major river systems, especially in the parched San Joaquin Valley, the over-allocation is jaw-opening.
Los Angeles Times, April 12, 2015Newspaper: Brown ready to ditch restoring Delta
The state's so-called "co-equal" goal of saving the ecology of the California Delta while making it a more reliable source of water apparently is losing half of the equation -- the ecology part. The other part -- spending billions of dollars to build massive twin water tunnels to ship water to the south -- is still on the chalkboard.
Central Valley Business Times, April 12, 2015Why Gov. Jerry Brown's water plan fails to tackle agriculture
Gov. Jerry Brown has spoken: The drought is a sign of climate change. But as has happened so often in his long political career, there is little correspondence between the problems he describes and the solutions he proposes. He claims we face a "new era," but he acts as if this were just another drought and getting rid of lawns and taking fewer showers will see Californians through. His role is scold in chief.
San Francisco Chronicle, April 12, 2015Delta tunnels: Major changes to environmental restoration could endanger Brown's water plan
Now the Brown administration is proposing a major and politically risky change: dropping a 50-year guarantee to restore the Sacramento-San Joaquin River Delta's environment. A centerpiece of the project, the environmental plan included $8 billion to preserve 100,000 acres of wetlands and dozens of other restoration efforts. The dramatic course correction, whose details have not yet been made public, comes after biologists at the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and other federal agencies told the state they won't issue permits for the environmental plan. The reasons, the biologists say, is that the state cannot prove it will restore salmon, smelt, sturgeon and other wildlife struggling for survival in the Delta.
San Jose Mercury News, April 11, 2015Delta's water vanishing amid drought
Delta farmers don't deny using as much water as they need. But they say they're not stealing it because their history of living at the water's edge gives them that right. Still, they have been asked to report how much water they're pumping and to prove their legal rights to it.
San Diego Union Tribune April 11, 2015Feds to look into bottled-water permit during drought
Federal officials are examining long-expired permits that Nestle has been using to pipe water out of a national forest to sell as bottled water, a U.S. Forest Service supervisor said.
USA Today, April 11, 2015California farmers mount PR campaign to counter backlash over water use
On the total water use numbers themselves, there is broad agreement. According to the Public Policy Institute of California, about 9 million acres of farmland in the state are irrigated, representing about 80 percent of all water used by people.
Sacramento Bee, April 9, 2015State regulators: California water use will never be the same
California needs to use "this crisis as an opportunity to accelerate what we know we are going to have to do under climate change anyway," said Felicia Marcus, chair of the State Water Resources Control Board, which oversees the state's complex system of water allocations, and this spring is tasked with writing new usage regulations.
Sacramento Bee, April 9, 2015Emergency changes approved reducing river flows
Tom Howard, executive director of the State Water Resources Control Board, found this week that those lower river flows "are likely to have negative effects on fish and wildlife species," but he said in a written order that the emergency changes -- combined with similar changes earlier this year -- could save 1.2 million acre-feet of water through June.
Record.net, April 8, 2015Calif. authorities won't dictate crops, irrigation amid drought
California authorities have no plans to mandate further water conservation efforts on farms even as political pressure mounts from urban residents feeling the effects of Gov. Jerry Brown's order to cut their water use by 25 percent.
Capitol Press, April 8, 2015It's Time to Restrict Groundwater Pumping in California
Brown's arguments about agriculture and water use -- while true to a point -- are deeply flawed. For starters, agribusinesses, especially in the dry Western San Joaquin Valley (roughly between Tracy and Bakersfield), have been making up for the water cutbacks from Northern California and the delta by pumping huge amounts of water out of the ground. In fact, in some areas, farmers have faced no real water shortage so far, because the state has no restrictions on groundwater use.
East Bay Express, April 8, 2015California Slow To Spend Emergency Drought Money
"Simply because the money has been awarded or encumbered doesn't mean that it's been spent," explains Sacramento State political analyst Steve Boilard, a veteran state budget watcher.
Capitol Public Radio, April 5, 2015California's wealthy lagging in water conservation
Beverly Hills and other affluent cities use far more water per capita than less-wealthy communities, prompting some to cast them as villains in California's water conservation effort.
Los Angeles Times, April 5, 2015Beneath California Crops, Groundwater Crisis Grows
Scientists say some of the underground water-storing formations so critical to California's future -- typically, saturated layers of sand or clay -- are being permanently damaged by the excess pumping, and will never again store as much water as farmers are pulling out.
New York Times, April 5, 2015Watering California's Farms
Farmers can switch from flood irrigation or inefficient sprinklers to drip or microspray systems, which use less water. They can also invest in irrigation controllers that monitor water and soil conditions and deliver only as much water as crops need. And some may need to change what they plant
New York Times, April 5, 2015Capitol Journal: Why do farmers get a free pass from Brown?
Agriculture is a business, but it uses 80% of our water and accounts for only 2% of the state's economy.
Los Angeles Times, April 5, 2015California Drought Tests History of Endless Growth
A punishing drought is forcing a reconsideration of whether the aspiration of untrammeled growth that has for so long been the state's engine has run against the limits of nature.
New York Times, April 4, 2015An unrelenting drought should spur California to overhaul its water system
The state has a complex system of water rights, developed over decades to attract miners, farmers and other settlers. This system makes it difficult to track who's using what, let alone to see that water goes where it's most needed. The best way to ensure that happens is to sweep away the complexity and finally create a transparent and efficient water market in California. Those who need it most will pay a price that reflects reality. Those who don't won't.
Washington Post, April 3, 2015Agriculture is 80 percent of water use in California. Why aren't farmers being forced to cut back?
The argument for focusing urban conservation may come down to practical concerns. It takes time and investment to make farms more efficient, and the state has already put money into encouraging farmers to buy efficiency upgrades. During drought emergencies, water use can be curtailed faster by simply telling people not to water their lawns.
Washington Post, April 3, 2015Exclusive: California used 70 million gallons of water in fracking in 2014
California oil producers used 214 acre-feet of water, equivalent to nearly 70 million gallons, in the process of fracking for oil and gas in the state last year, less than previously projected, state officials told Reuters on Thursday.
Reuters, April 3, 2015Californians Who Conserved Wonder if State Can Overcome Those Who Didn't
A day after Gov. Jerry Brown announced sweeping mandatory cuts to water use, Californians said they worried that their efforts to scrimp and conserve were simply not enough in the face of a four-year drought that has drained reservoirs, robbed mountains of snow and raised concerns about an increasingly scarce and precious resource.
New York Times, April 3, 2015Officials deflect criticism that water plan spares ag
Gov. Jerry Brown's April 1 executive order boosts reporting requirements for agricultural water users and mandates that water districts submit detailed drought plans. State officials deflect criticism that farmers weren't ordered to do more as cities were required to cut their water use by 25 percent.
Capitol Press, April 2, 2015Amid record-low snowpack, California orders mandatory curbs on water use
California Gov. Jerry Brown (D) announced strict new curbs on state water use Wednesday to combat a worsening drought affecting more than 50 million people in the western United States. The executive order imposes mandatory water reductions across California to reduce water usage by 25 percent.
Washington Post, April 1, 2015California Drought Is Worsened by Global Warming, Scientists Say
The severe California drought that has led the state to order cutbacks in water use may not have been set off by climate change, scientists say, but global warming is making the situation worse.
New York Times, April 1, 2015
The range of competing and entrenched water interests (agriculture, water purveyors, environmentalists, local governments and ratepayers, among others) will only find a solution through an open, collaborative process.
Sacramento Bee, March 31, 2015April snowpack hits new record low: 6 percent of average
The April 1 snowpack measurement of accumulation in the Sierra Nevada Mountains is likely to be the lowest in recorded history, furthering concerns of possible water shortages during the fourth year of a historic drought.
KPCC, March 31, 2015Congress may consider proposals to address California's drought
Local water agencies in California would get federal help to begin new projects to capture, store and recycle more water under a proposal being introduced in Congress by Rep. Jerry McNerney, D-Stockton. A second proposal from him would ensure the health and safety of drinking water during drought conditions.
Central Valley Business Times, March 30, 2015Opinion California's cracking down on urban water waste. What about the farmers?
As George Skelton points out in his Times column, state water conservation efforts are focused almost exclusively on individuals while ignoring the well-hydrated elephant in the room: California's agriculture industry consumes the lion's share of the state's "developed water" (i.e., water that is managed and controlled in reservoirs, dams, rivers, etc.).
Los Angeles Times, March 28, 2015$1 Billion Water Spending Plan Heads to California Governor
A plan to pump $1 billion of water spending into drought-stricken California cleared the Legislature on Thursday and was sent to Gov. Jerry Brown, who is expected to sign the legislation.
ABC News, March 26, 2015California lawmakers weigh $1 billion water spending plan; few details on key projects
The lack of details marked a change from the usual practice for flood bond spending. Lawmakers typically know what projects they are approving, according to the nonpartisan Legislative Analyst's Office. The office says spending for flood protection in California has been slowed in recent years as projects have struggled to find federal and local matching funds and get lengthy, mandatory environmental clearances. The office has criticized earlier versions of the flood protection plan for not addressing these delays.
Associated Press, March 25, 2015Water Transfers Threaten Fish and Tribes
Salmon and the Native Americans in Northern California who depend on them are facing grave threats from the continued shipment of water to agribusinesses in the dry San Joaquin Valley.
East Bay Express, March 25, 2015Water Transfers Threaten Fish and Tribes
Salmon and the Native Americans in Northern California who depend on them are facing grave threats from the continued shipment of water to agribusinesses in the dry San Joaquin Valley.
East Bay Express, March 24, 2015We deserve to hear both sides of debate on Delta tunnels
Friends of the River demanded and obtained copies of the hidden comments under the Freedom of Information Act. We recently completed posting all the comments made by public agencies and non-government organizations.
Sacramento Bee, March 24, 2015Water details become vital as drought worsens
For the third year running, Sen. Fran Pavley, D-Agoura Hills, is pushing legislation to provide public access to otherwise confidential reports about groundwater wells. Her Senate Bill 20, which cleared its first committee Tuesday, clearly warrants approval by the full Legislature.
Sacramento Bee, March 24, 2015Mercury News editorial: Jerry Brown's lame response to California's drought
California is in a drought of historic proportions with no end in sight. Scientists and political leaders, including Gov. Jerry Brown, agree. The governor called an official state of emergency way back in January 2014 -- but you wouldn't know it from his actions since. Lame doesn't begin to describe Brown's failure to show leadership on this threat to the state's long-range future that's easily as dire as the massive budget deficit he inherited in 2011.
San Jose Mercury News, March 23, 2015Thirsty crops should require state regulation
This is what the Brown administration isn't talking about as it tightens the spigot on landscaping: Urban use accounts for only 20% of California's developed water. Agriculture sucks up 80%.
Los Angeles Times, March 22, 2015It's time to get serious about the California drought
The cold reality is that even if the current drought were to end tomorrow, there will be more extended droughts in California's future. There is still a distressing lack of emphasis and urgency on key aspects of long-term state water policy.
San Diego Union Tribune, March 21, 2015Drought legislation must target agribusiness and Big Oil
Governor Jerry Brown and lawmakers touted the introduction of drought legislation in the Legislature on March 19, while leaders of environmental and consumer groups urged Brown to put real limits on the "most egregious" water users - corporate agribusiness and big oil companies - to really address the drought.
Daily Kos, March 19, 2015$1 billion in California drought relief may just be the beginning
Gov. Jerry Brown and top lawmakers from both parties announced Thursday a $1-billion plan to deal with California's persistent drought, describing the legislation as a mix of short-term relief and support for long-term water projects."This is a struggle," Brown said at a Capitol news conference. "Something we're going to have to live with. For how long, we're not sure."
Los Angeles Times, March 19, 2015Dry Southern California Offers Northern Farmers Top Dollar for Water
As California continues to endure its historic drought, a huge water district in the southern part of the state is offering to pay what is thought to be its highest price ever for water from farmers in the north -- more than double what it paid just five years ago.
NBCNews.com, March 18, 2015California Targets Wrong Water Wasters
As the state's water supply plummets to scary levels, officials are going after people who overwater their lawns. That's a good idea. But they're not the worst culprits.
East Bay Express, March 18, 2015California: New mandatory water conservation rules for lawns, hotels, restaurants
Acknowledging that California's water conservation efforts are falling short as the state descends into a fourth year of punishing drought, the administration of Gov. Jerry Brown on Tuesday imposed new mandatory water conservation rules that will affect millions of people -- from how homeowners water their lawns to how restaurants and hotels serve their guests
San Jose Mercury News, March 18, 2015Fate of Delta smelt sinks as numbers drop
A tiny fish in the middle of California's tug of war over water has declined so sharply in the drought it could be headed toward extinction. State crews who trawl the Delta waters with a net found only six of the fish in March, the lowest March count on record, environmental groups and scientists reported Tuesday.
San Jose Mercury News, March 17, 2015As California Drought Enters 4th Year, Conservation Efforts and Worries Increase
California is facing a punishing fourth year of drought. Temperatures in Southern California soared to record-high levels over the weekend, approaching 100 degrees in some places. Reservoirs are low. Landscapes are parched and blighted with fields of dead or dormant orange trees. And the Sierra Nevada snowpack, which is counted on to provide 30 percent of the state's water supply as it melts through early summer, is at its second-lowest level on record.
New York Times, March 17, 2015As drought worsens, L.A. water agency offers cash to Sacramento Valley farmers
Sacramento Bee, March 12, 2015Op-Ed: California has about one year of water left. Will you ration now?
Our state's water management is complex, but the technology and expertise exist to handle this harrowing future. It will require major changes in policy and infrastructure that could take decades to identify and act upon. Today, not tomorrow, is the time to begin.
Los Angeles Times, March 12, 2015Agencies admit failing to protect water sources from fuel pollution
The agencies charged with overseeing oil production and protecting California's ever-dwindling water sources from the industry's pollution all fell down on the job, one state official told a panel of peeved lawmakers Tuesday.
Los Angeles Times, March 10, 2015California is pumping water that fell to Earth 20,000 years ago
As California farms and cities drill deeper for groundwater in an era of drought and climate change, they no longer are tapping reserves that percolated into the soil over recent centuries. They are pumping water that fell to Earth during a much wetter climatic regime -- the ice age.
Reveal, March 9, 2015Mercury News editorial: California urban water users must get serious about conservation
Lower water use has to become the norm. Agriculture can adjust by shifting from, say, almond orchards back to less water-intense crops, but even if it does, cities will need to step up. Residents shouldn't be waiting to get started.
Mercury news, March 9, 2015Water storage projects need critical analysis
The commission's challenge will be to take a broad view of the state's plumbing system and to develop a strategy for better integrating storage and water transfers into an efficient, statewide network. That must include independent analyses of which surface water and groundwater projects work best in California's diverse geography and consideration of the impact of climate change on our water supply.
Sacramento Bee, March 7, 2015Drought stays with us; so does inaction
From the state we have a requirement to come up with a way to manage ground water. That's good, but at the rate we are going, the timeline set for a plan may be much too late. The state wants a balance between water in and water out by 2035. If we have a few more years of drought, who thinks there will be any water left underground to worry about?
The Sentinel, March 6, 2015Future unclear for salmon
Despite the drought, thousands of king salmon splashed their way up the San Joaquin River and its tributaries last year. But the real test may be still to come.
Recrodnet.com, March 6, 2015'Limited' water exports OK'd
State water watchdogs may allow more water to be pumped south from the Delta this month, but only under "very limited circumstances."
Recordnet.com, March 6, 2015Big Businesses Weigh In On Drought
Several companies including Coca-Cola and General Mills announced today they will work together to push for better water management in the state.
Capital Public Radio, March 5, 2015NOAA: El Nino is 'too little, too late' for California drought
El Nino is here, but don't expect the Pacific Ocean circulation phenomenon to do much for the drought afflicting California and the western U.S., forecasters said Thursday.
Los Angeles Times, March 5, 2015Tuesday snow survey shows dismal 20 percent snowpack in central Sierra
The water content of the snow for California is at 19 percent of the average for this time of year, with the central Sierra at 20 percent of average.
Carson.now.org, March 5, 2015Chevron, Linn Told to Halt California Wells on Water Concern
California regulators ordered oil drillers including Chevron Corp. and Linn Energy LLC to halt operations at 12 injection wells in the state because of concerns they may taint groundwater.
Bloomberg Business, March 3, 2015California drought likely a fixture, says Stanford study
Human-caused climate change is increasing drought risk in California -- boosting the odds that our current crisis will become a fixture of the future, according to a major report Stanford scientists released Monday morning.
Mercury News, March 2, 2015California drought: State to boost water deliveries after feds pull back
California water officials delivered a rare piece of good news Monday, saying the state's vast system of lakes and reservoirs is full enough to offer cities and farms slightly more water than they expected to provide earlier this year.
San Francisco Chronicle, March 2, 2015
Rep. Doug LaMalfa (R-CA-01) and Rep. John Garamendi (D-CA-03) this week announced the introduction of HR 1060, which will accelerate the completion of a feasibility study of Sites Reservoir and authorize the project should it be found feasible.
Lake County News, February 28, 2015Bill would double federal funds to restore S.F. Bay
California lawmakers led by Rep. Jackie Speier, D-Hillsborough, and Democratic Sens. Dianne Feinstein and Barbara Boxer introduced legislation last week to double the amount of federal grants to restore the bay, the largest estuary on the West Coast, to $10 million a year.
San Francisco Chronicle, February 27, 2015New California water legislation might be on tap
California water legislation is starting to trickle across Capitol Hill. One newly introduced bill would speed approval of Sites Reservoir in the Sacramento Valley. Another would help restore San Francisco Bay habitat. More targeted bills are coming.
McClatchy DC, February 27, 2015Drought: No reservoir water projected for many Valley farmer
The federal government informed California cities and farms Friday that the state's biggest reservoirs may not be able to provide most of the water typically doled out. And, unless there's significant rain and snow in the next few months, no water will be given to growers on the fertile west side of the San Joaquin Valley, for the second year in a row, farmers reported.
San Francisco Chronicle, February 27, 2015Mercury News editorial: Delta's health should take priority over pumping
California needs to get serious about protecting the health of the Sacramento-San Joaquin River Delta, one of Silicon Valley's most valuable water sources. The short-term needs of Central Valley farmers are significant. But they pale in comparison with preserving the long-term water quality of the estuary that provides water for two-thirds of the state's residents.
San Jose Mecury News, February 24, 2015Water rights' cost draws scrutiny
A provision in California's landmark 2014 Water Bond Act, Proposition 1, could lead California into overspending on water-- and that has sparked concern from the Legislature's nonpartisan fiscal adviser.
Capitol Weekly, February 24, 2015Oil industry's toxic wastewater threatens California water supplies
Newly revealed documents and media investigations show that state regulators allowed the oil industry to drill more than 2,400 illegal injection wells for wastewater disposal or oil production into protected California aquifers, including some with water clean enough to drink or irrigate crops.
Sacramento Bee, February 21, 2015State water chief admits mistakes in management
The head of the watchdog agency overseeing California water said he was "mistaken" last year when he approved emergency actions that harmed threatened fish.
Stockton Record, February 19, 2015Water for California Farms - or for Fish?
Opposing recommendations from federal and state agencies Wednesday, the head of California's water board advised regulators to deny agribusinesses' request for increased pumping from the Delta during the next two months.
Courthouse News Service, February 19, 2015Arsenic, nitrates among pollutants in California drinking water: report
Water in California violated federal quality standards more than 1,000 times during the fiscal year, triggering reports to the Federal Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the report said.
Reuters, February 18, 2015California water officials eye new restrictions in drought
As the California drought drags on, water officials are considering expanding mandatory outdoor water restrictions on homeowners and adding new limits on restaurants, hotels and decorative fountains.
Fresno Bee, February 17, 2015Meet The Biggest Threats to California's Environment: The Winners of the Annual Cold, Dead Fish Awards
For its disastrous water policies and the near-extinction of American River steelhead, as well as its continuing drive to raise Shasta Dam, David Murrillo, MidPacific director of the [B}ureau [of Reclamation], receives the "Extinct Steelhead" award.
East Bay Express, February 16, 2015Threatened Smelt Touches Off Battles in California's Endless Water Wars
The immediate future looks grim. Despite a few powerful winter storms, California is facing a likely fourth year of drought, which is wreaking havoc on the delta's ecosystem. The waterway where the federal researchers were working contained large patches of water hyacinth, an invasive plant that has proliferated in the dry conditions. Last fall, scientists doing a comprehensive survey recorded their lowest-ever seasonal tally of delta smelts, by a substantial margin. Another species, the longfin smelt, hit its second-lowest number.
New York Times, February 14, 2015U.S. Soon to Face Worst "Megadroughts" in a Millenium, Scientists Predict
Analysis released Thursday from scientists at NASA, Cornell University, and Columbia University predicts that climate change will cause droughts in the Southwest and Great Plains of the U.S. that exceed any experienced in the last 1,000 years.
Newsweek, February 13, 2015Editorial: Amid a lack of fracking data, the state should halt new operations
The state Division of Oil, Gas and Geothermal Resources does not know how much, if any, of the waste pumped into the improperly permitted wells was from fracking. Industries are required to report the amount and composition of the waste they inject into wells; the state should compile this information in a timely manner and make it readily available to the public.
Los Angeles Times, February 12, 2015High levels of benzene found in fracking waste water
Data culled from the first year of those tests found significant concentrations of the human carcinogen benzene in this so-called "flowback fluid." In some cases, the fracking waste liquid, which is frequently reinjected into groundwater, contained benzene levels thousands of times greater than state and federal agencies consider safe.
Los Angeles Times, February 11, 2015California Pledges Changes in Protecting Underground Water
California has proposed closing by October up to 140 oilfield wells that state regulators had allowed to inject into federally protected drinking water aquifers, state officials said Monday. The deadline is part of a broad plan the state sent the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency last week for bringing state regulation of oil and gas operations back into compliance with federal safe-drinking water requirements.
Associated Press, February 9, 2015California Legislature Wants Oversight On Water Bond Money
In total, California has $7.5 billion in bond revenue to work with. Most will be allocated to state departments through the budget process. Democrat Mark Levine chairs the Assembly Water, Parks and Wildlife committee, which will hold an oversight hearing on the bond. Levine says the state should be cautious.
Capitol Public Radio, February 9, 2015California drought: Obama administration to invest $50 million in relief
To ease the pain of a drought that's gripped the American West for three years, the federal government will invest $50 million in relief projects across the region, U.S. Interior Secretary Sally Jewell announced Friday. Since California is ground zero for the drought, a federal water project that supplies many of the Central Valley's farms will get almost 40 percent of the money. The rest will be used to finance a water conservation grant program and help states prepare for the next long stretch of bone-dry weather.
San Jose Mercury News, February 6, 2015Jerry Brown 'not ready' for mandatory water restrictions in drought
Sacramento Bee, February 6, 2015Set water priorities to prepare for drought
California needs a new approach to managing the environment during drought: One that is deliberative, not reactive. We can learn a lot from our Australian friends in this regard. They weathered a brutal decade-long dry period -- called the Millennium Drought -- through careful planning and prioritization. This included investing in habitats that provided refuge for at-risk species during the driest periods.
San Francisco Chronicle, February 5, 2015Water Board orders diverters to further justify senior Delta water rights
Persons claiming senior water rights in the Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta watershed are now going to be required to provide the State Water Resources Control Board detailed information on the water rights they claim and diversions associated with those rights.
Central Valley Business Times, February 4, 2015State considers tighter water limits, hopes for relief this week
California water officials are considering tightening restrictions on outdoor watering, even as they hold out hope that a series of storms late this week will provide some relief for the drought-stricken state.
San Francisco Chronicle, February 3, 2015
Oil companies in drought-ravaged California have, for years, pumped wastewater from their operations into aquifers that had been clean enough for people to drink. They did it with explicit permission from state regulators, who were supposed to protect the increasingly strained groundwater supplies from contamination.
San Francisco Chronicle, January 31, 2015Sierra snowpack dismal for January; fourth year of drought looks likely
The latest survey of California's mountain snowpack on Thursday brought the bad news slamming home: This month will rank as the driest January in state history at many locations, virtually assuring a fourth straight year of drought.
Sacramento Bee, January 30, 2015California wild salmon harvest continues to dwindle with drought
It's still a little too early to tell for sure, but the news on the California wild salmon front is not good. A combination of low water levels in streams because of the drought and high summer temperatures resulted in a massive die-off of young salmon in Northern California.
Los Angeles Times, January 30, 2015Brown's tunnel vision could sink taxpayers
Gov. Brown appears undisturbed by the financial, environmental and safety concerns of the tunnels. His brand of tunnel vision can't reverse itself. It prefers to focus on the joys of spending and a glowing legacy down the road. The governor will be long out of office but California taxpayers, and their children, will be stuck with the costs.
Orange County Register, January 29, 2015Plan to raise Shasta Dam takes hit after federal biologists say they can't support it
Biologists at the main federal agency that oversees the Endangered Species Act have concluded they cannot endorse a $1.1 billion plan to raise the height of the dam at California's largest reservoir, Shasta Lake, because of its impact on endangered salmon. In a 349-page draft report completed in late November, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service concluded that it is "unable to support" any of the project's five options being considered.
Mercury News, January 27, 2015Southern California's Water Supply Threatened By Next Major Quake
Research shows that a magnitude 7.8 quake on the San Andreas Fault could sever all four aqueducts at once, cutting off more than 70 percent of the water sustaining Southern California.
NPR, January 27, 2015Feinstein hosts 7 California reps in closed-door water bill talk
The never-sending search for a California water bill showed, perhaps, a little progress Tuesday as seven Democratic House members met for over an hour with Democratic Sen. Dianne Feinstein. The late-morning meeting in Feinstein's third-floor Senate office was the first of its kind in the new Congress.
Fresno Bee, January 27, 2015Private wells in California farm area show high uranium
One in four household water wells in parts of California's Central Valley contains potentially harmful levels of uranium, a U.S. Geological Survey study said. The federal study attributed the higher-than-expected uranium levels to farming in the Central Valley, which is one of the country's leading agricultural regions.
Associated Press, January 26, 2015California water officials may dam 3 Delta channels in emergency measure to combat drought
State water officials say they may dam parts of the Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta in an emergency measure to protect freshwater used by millions of Californians. The Department of Water Resources said Monday that if the drought persists they may build temporary rocky barriers blocking three channels on the Delta.
Associated Press, January 26, 2015Water panel begins process of considering bond projects
The California Water Commission is beginning the lengthy process of deciding which projects will be funded under the water storage portion of the $7.5 billion water bond passed by the state's voters in November.
Capitol Press, January 26, 2015Sites Reservoir in a waiting game
Sites Reservoir is in a holding pattern as project leaders wait for the state to settle on regulations for distributing funds from last year's $7.5 billion water bond.
Corning Appeal Democrat, January 25, 2015Important California Water Infrastructure Talks Start This Week
Today, the California Water Commission, a nine-member body appointed by the governor, will begin piecing together the rulebook for a water-infrastructure spending spree. In November, voters approved a $US 7.5 billion bond that allocates $US 2.7 billion to "water storage" projects. The commission is charged with selecting the projects that will receive state funds. Applicants will include new reservoirs, underground storage, and proposals to clean up dirty aquifers.
Circle of Blue, January 21, 2015Boxer vows no more 'secret' talks on drought bill
Democratic Sen. Barbara Boxer on Wednesday set down some markers on California water legislation, denouncing "secret negotiations" and stressing the importance of seeking statewide support.
McClatchy DC, January 21, 2015Century Later, the 'Chinatown' Water Feud Ebbs
While the water theft remains a point of contention, the battle long ago turned into one about the clouds of dust that were the legacy of the lost lake, 200 miles north of downtown Los Angeles.
New York Times, January 20, 2015Pressure's on to help Delta fish suffering amid drought
Mark Cowin, director of the California Department of Water Resources, called the depleted fish populations "a very deep concern," not only for fisheries, but because they can trigger provisions in the Endangered Species Act that restrict water diversions from the Delta.
Sacramento Bee, January 20, 2015California drought could end with storms known as atmospheric rivers
As much as Californians might hope for a series of atmospheric rivers to sweep in and end the three-year drought, experts warn that so much rain at once could bring devastation.
Los Angeles Times, January 18, 2015Work is just beginning for California water policy
While talk of water storage causes most to think of large dams, which will continue to play an important role, there is a much wider range of alternatives and opportunities to explore.
Sacramento Bee, January 18, 2015Calif. boosts water allocations but warns of continued drought
California's State Water Project boosted its anticipated water deliveries to contractors from 10 percent to 15 percent of requested amounts, but officials warn the drought is still severe and drastic measures could still be taken later this year to meet basic health and safety and environmental needs.
Capitol Press, January 16, 2015California Drought Outlook Extends at Least Into April
Most of California will still be in drought in April even though conditions will probably improve across the southern part of the state, according to the latest forecast from the U.S. Climate Prediction Center.
Bloomberg News, January 15, 2015Proposed Water Quality Rules May Limit California Ag Activities
A new effort to regulate grazing and its potential impacts on water quality has California ranchers concerned new rules could limit their food production activities and yield little environmental benefits. The State Water Resources Control Board and the nine regional water quality control boards said in public documents they're working together on the new project to explore ways to improve environmental benefits from grazing, while protecting surface and groundwater.
Sierra Sun Times, January 14, 2015Garamendi co-sponsors water legislation
The legislation would expand rebates and grants for water conservation and efficiency; support local investments in water recycling and improved groundwater management and storage; invest in research into water-saving technologies and desalination; and establish an open water data system. The measure would also help local communities take steps to become better prepared for drought.
The Reporter, January 13, 2015Supreme Court declines to hear appeals in California water dispute
The U.S. Supreme Court on Monday rejected a challenge by California growers and local water management agencies to federal guidelines that limit water diversions to protect the Delta smelt fish. The decision not to hear two related cases means a March 2014 ruling by the 9th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals siding with the federal government remains intact.
Reuters, January 12, 2015California's Almonds Suck as Much Water Annually as Los Angeles Uses in Three Years
The US now exports 70 percent of almonds. The thing is, nuts use a whole lot of water: it takes about a gallon of water to grow one almond, and nearly five gallons to produce a walnut. Residents across the state are being told to take shorter showers and stop watering their lawns, but the acreage devoted to the state's almond orchards have doubled in the past decade. The amount of water that California uses annually to produce almond exports would provide water for all Los Angeles homes and businesses for almost three years.
Mother Jones, January 12, 2015San Joaquin Valley farmers reach secret deal in water dispute
A staggering economic and environmental problem festering for three decades in the southern San Joaquin Valley would be addressed by a secret deal reached between the Obama administration and farmers -- one that is sounding alarms for Bay Area lawmakers...Details of the deal between Westlands and the federal Bureau of Reclamation have not been revealed to members of Congress, who would have to approve it. But according to a short "principles of agreement" document that has been made public, the deal would forgive $342 million in federal debt that Westlands owes for construction of the 1960s extension of the Central Valley Project to deliver water to the San Joaquin Valley farms.
San Francisco Chronicle, January 10, 2015LOIS HENRY: It's good to be a water lawyer, especially now
"Probably more than any other body of natural resource law, groundwater law is often honored more in the breach than in the compliance," wrote water attorney Gary Sawyers in a primer on California water law.
The Bakersfield Californian, January 10, 2015PD Editorial: Questions ahead on state water supply
For policymakers and Central Valley growers, it's time to confront the reality that taxpayer-subsidized water and thirsty crops that can't be fallowed are the wrong mix.
Santa Rosa Press Democrat, January 10, 2015Delta smelt legal battle heads to Supreme Court
Citing the severe state drought, lawyers for the Metropolitan Water District of Southern California are asking the U.S. Supreme Court to reconsider a strict federal rule from the 1970s that calls for curtailing the water diversions to protect the threatened delta smelt and other imperiled species regardless of the cost to humans and the economy.
Los Angeles Times, January 7, 2015Drought: California water use down 10%, still short of target
Figures released Tuesday by the State Water Resources Control Board show California residents used 9.8 percent less water in November than in the same month in 2013. That's an improvement over October, when year-over-year use was down 6.8 percent, but still short of Brown's goal of cutting back 20 percent.
San Francisco Chronicle, January 7, 2015Capitol Hill Californians will push for drought legislation again
This week, as the 114th Congress commences, lawmakers prepare to revive anti-drought proposals that divided the state last year. Tactics and strategies are still being crafted and the outcome is uncertain, as are the lessons that may or may not have been learned.
Freson Bee, January 6, 2015EDITORIAL: Californians need a new mindset about water
Measures that once seemed extraordinary will have to become a new mindset for Californians. Even though winter storms have brought rain and snow, the drought is far from over. We should not ease up on efforts to conserve.
Fresno Bee, January 3, 2015